ملی شدن صنعت نفت ایران در آیینة اسناد آمریکا

نوع مقاله: علمی و پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه تاریخ دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشجوی دوره دکتری تاریخ ایران اسلامی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

ملی شدن صنعت نفت در ایران و به دنبال آن کودتای 28 مرداد و بررسی رفتار سیاسی کشورهای درگیر در این مسأله از زوایای بسیاری مورد توجه پژوهشگران قرار گرفته است. اما پژوهشی مبتنی بر اسناد و مطبوعات آمریکا، به عنوان بازیگر اصلی این برهه از تاریخ ایران، به شکلی مستدل انجام نگرفته است. پژوهش حاضر به روش تحلیل تاریخی و با تکیه بر اسناد وزارت خارجة آمریکا و روزنامة نیویورک تایمز، در پی آن است تا ضمن ارائه تصویری شفاف از موضع سیاستمداران آمریکا، خوانش و برداشت آنان از دورة ملی شدن نفت و علل ناکامی دکتر مصدق از منظر این اسناد را مورد واکاوی قرار دهد. در واقع مسألة اصلی در پژوهش حاضر این است که نگرش دولتمردان و جامعة آمریکا به ملی شدن صنعت نفت و روی کار آمدن دکتر مصدق بر اساس اسناد موجود، بر چه اصولی استوار بوده و ناکامی دکتر مصدق ریشه در کدام روند تاریخی و رفتاری نهفته بوده است.

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